The text deals with the semantics of the word svoboda (‘liberty’) as it is illustrated in the selected source material from the period 1948–1989, known as “the time of the absence of liberty”. The material comprises the Totalita corpus (of opinion journalism texts), the key documents of the Czechoslovak anti-Communist movement (Dva tisíce slov (‘The Two Thousand Words’; 1968), Prohlášení Charty 77 (‘Declaration of Charter 77’; 1977), Několik vět (‘A Few Sentences’; 1989), as well as the New Year speeches of Czechoslovak presidents. The analysis is aimed at the occurrence of the word svoboda in particular collocations, at the possibilities of tracking semantic changes in the expression, and mostly at whether, and in which way, the perception and presentation of liberty differ in the official texts of the Communist regime and those of the anti-Communist opposition. The analysis combines quantitative and corpus approaches with qualitative analysis.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.