The Little Poland region (voivodeship) concentrates 11% of rural population in Poland. More than a half of inhabitants dwell in the countryside. In terms of population development the rural areas under study, in contrast with the other region of Poland, are characterized by constant population growth. In the years 1995-2004 population number increased by over 2%. However, Little Poland, like the other Polish regions, have gone through great demographic changes in the last decade. This demographic changes are connected with the general modernization process started with the transformation of the political system. The aim of this paper is to identify and evaluate the population processes and phenomena in the rural areas. The deliberation refer to the subject of natural movement, migration, as well as rural population vitality and ageing process. The analysis refers to the Little Poland countryside, a territory extremely diversified in terms of socio-economics and demographic factors. It indicates the socio-economic consequences of changeability of rural population from regional policy point of view.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.