The professional skills and competence play very important role in effective farming in modern agriculture. The farmers can acquire these skills both, in the school education and in agricultural practice. The competences so acquired can be best controlled on the occasion of the agricultural land turnover The requirement of agricultural skills in Polish agriculture is in force, with different intensity, for many decades. However, the importance of that factor have increased significantly after the EU accession. It is concluded that there exist in the Polish agriculture two, quite different, vocational education models. It is advisable, therefore, to unify and adjust the Polish legal rules in force to standards of the common agricultural policy.
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