The study's aim was to check if and to what extent factors known to influence stereotyping (inhibition, facilitation), i.e., type of identity, interdependence and anxiety based on partner's high status, do interact. The study was an experimental design, where personal versus social identity was activated. Also, conditions of interdependence versus no-interdependence and anxiety versus no-anxiety were created. Stereotyping was measured by obtaining participants' reaction times while ascribing stereotypical attributes to an outgroup representative. Obtained data confirm that activation of social identity makes people more likely to use an outgroup's stereotype to describe its members, while personal identity activation (alone) diminishes this tendency. Anxiety raises tendencies to stereotype. Surprisingly, interdependence (alone) raises stereotyping rate, which contradicts previous findings. It also turned out that interdependence especially heightens stereotyping in personal identity and anxiety activation condition. The study suggests that the well-known stereotyping inhibitory and facilitating factors may bring surprising effects when we analyze their interactions.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.