The problem of stimulation of economic activities in the areas where state-owned farms (PGR) operated in the past should be examined in a broader context, i.e. both in the context of concepts relating to activisation and development at local level, and in the context of Poland's incorporation into the European structures. As social-spatial and economic structures of rural areas the post-PGR hamlets - incorporated into communes in accordance with the administrative division of Poland, should be subject to the same influence and processes that apply to the whole self-governed local communities. Simultaneously, actions should be intensified - within regional and local programmes, as well as programmes launched by the Agricultural Property Agency (ANR), non-governmental organisations and local associations working in favour of the development of concrete communes, to eliminate the existing differences in opportunities to develop economic activities between the territory of a former state-owned farm and the remaining territory of a commune. This is becoming particularly important on the eve of Poland's accession to the European Union and the possibility to obtain access to EU structural funds and use the means destined for agriculture. It is important that the post-PGR hamlets cease to be enclaves differing unfavourably from the rest of rural areas.