Tetrastigma (Miq.) Planch. (Vitaceae) is a genus with ca. 100 species showing great morphological diversity. Previous molecular phylogenetic studies suggested that traditional classification systems are not consistent with the molecular phylogeny, and Tetrastigma is undergoing further systematic investigation. We traced the evolutionary trends of 20 morphological characters within a robust phylogenetic...
Genome size variation is of fundamental biological importance and has been a longstanding puzzle in evolutionary biology. In the present study, the genome size of 61 accessions corresponding to 11 genera and 50 species of Vitaceae and Leeaceae is determined using flow cytometry. Phylogenetically based statistical analyses were used to infer ancestral character reconstructions of nuclear DNA contents...
To examine the proportion of older adults with diabetes mellitus treated with tight glucose control and the factors associated with this practice.
Outpatient sites in the Diabetes Collaborative Registry (N=151).
Adults aged 75 and older with type 2 diabetes mellitus (N=42,669).
Participants were categorized based...
Pollan, Coregonus autumnalis pollan Thompson, requires an appropriate standardised sampling protocol for conservation assessments. The suitability of hydroacoustics with gillnetting was evaluated, and the effects of sampling design, effort and statistical analysis on the repeatability of results were tested. Summer hydroacoustic surveys appear appropriate as pollan were not abundant in acoustically...
The spawning migration travel times of chum salmon, Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum), fitted with gastrically implanted radio tags vs external spaghetti tags were tested for a short [≈60 river km (rkm)] and long migration route (≈730 rkm) on the Koyukuk River, Alaska, USA. Using a novel application of statistical arrival curve models to infer travel times for uncaptured fish, migrations by chum salmon...
To evaluate physicians' views on advance care planning, goals of care, and end‐of‐life conversations.
Random sample telephone survey.
Physicians (primary care specialists; pulmonology, cardiology, oncology subspecialists) actively practicing medicine and regularly seeing patients aged 65 and older (N=736; 81% male, 75% white, 66% aged ≥50...
To develop a predictive model and risk score for 10‐year mortality using health‐related quality of life (HRQOL) in a cohort of older women with early‐stage breast cancer.
U.S. women aged 65 and older diagnosed with Stage I to IIIA primary breast cancer (N=660).
We used medical variables (age, comorbidity),...
To assess the use of the Indiana Physician Orders for Scope of Treatment (POST) form to record nursing home (NH) resident treatment preferences and associated practices.
Staff responsible for advance care planning in 535 NHs.
Survey about use of the Indiana POST, related policies, and educational activities.
So far, rumination has been used as a proxy for monitoring dairy cow health at farm level. However, investigating its genetic aspects as well as its correlation with other important productive traits may turn this management tool into a new informative selection criterion. However, scientific evidences on genetic correlation among rumination time (RT) and milk production and milk composition are still...
Artificial selection and high genetic gains in livestock breeds led to a loss of genetic diversity. Current genetic diversity conservation actions focus on long‐term maintenance of breeds under selection. Gene banks play a role in such actions by storing genetic materials for future use and the recent development of genomic information is facilitating characterization of gene bank material for better...
Growth is a complex and dynamic process that may be measured at a specific point or over a period of time. Compared was the growth of male and female chickens over a three‐generation period. Involved were red junglefowl (RJF; Gallus gallus), a line of White Plymouth Rock chickens (LWS; Gallus gallus domesticus) selected for low body weight, and their reciprocal F1 and F2 crosses. In both sexes, Gompertz's...
Previously accurate genomic predictions for Bacterial cold water disease (BCWD) resistance in rainbow trout were obtained using a medium‐density single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array. Here, the impact of lower‐density SNP panels on the accuracy of genomic predictions was investigated in a commercial rainbow trout breeding population. Using progeny performance data, the accuracy of genomic breeding...
Interleukin‐22 (IL‐22) is a potential therapeutic agent for diseases driven by epithelial injury. To characterize the IL‐22 expressed by rhesus macaques, animals that are irreplaceable for human disease research, rhesus macaque IL‐22 (rhIL‐22) was cloned and expressed, and its biological activity and in vivo distribution were examined. It was found that the rhIL‐22 gene consists of five introns and...
The engagement of Epstein–Barr virus (EBV)‐induced protein ligands in γδ T‐cell‐mediated anti‐EBV immunity, especially in EBV‐associated B‐cell malignancies, has not been fully elucidated. Previously we reported the overexpression of human MutS homologue 2 (hMSH2), a stress‐inducible protein ligand for human γδ T‐cells, on EBV‐transformed B lymphoblastic cell lines (B‐LCLs). In this study, we first...
New data in the worlds of both innate‐like CD8+ T‐cells and natural killer (NK) cells have, in parallel, clarified some of the phenotypes of these cells and also their associated functions. While these cells are typically viewed entirely separately, the emerging innate functions of T‐cells and, similarly, the adaptive functions of NK cells suggest that many behaviours can be considered in parallel...
To seek the views of healthcare professionals as to the barriers to foot care that they perceive as having an impact on clinical outcomes and contributing to the number of amputations.
The study involved healthcare professionals from the UK attending our 2015 and 2016 Masterclass diabetic foot conferences. Admission to these conferences was open to all members of the multidisciplinary...
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.