Comparison of fluorescence optical imaging (FOI) with grayscale (GS) and power Doppler ultrasound (PDUS) to detect joint inflammation in patients with confirmed or suspected psoriatic arthritis (PsA).
Patients (n = 60) with psoriasis and tenderness and/or swelling of joints were separated into two groups: diagnosis confirmed by the treating dermatologist before the start of the study (n = 26), and suspected PsA (n = 34). GS/PDUS of the hand most clinically affected was performed with a dorsal/palmar view (wrist, MCP, PIP, DIP2–5). FOI examination was carried out in a standardized manner by analyzing the predefined Phases 1–3.
FOI was found to be more sensitive than ultrasound (US) for detection of inflammation in PIP/DIP joints (p = 0.035). Confirmed PsA patients showed more findings in FOI P2 and P3, while suspected PsA patients showed more findings in P1. In the confirmed PsA group, most involved joints were MCP joints, while in the suspected PsA group, more involved wrist joints and DIP joints (p = 0.006) were detected with FOI.
The differences between the confirmed and suspected groups indicate that FOI is helpful in the detection of early PsA since P1 may correspond to acute inflammation, whereas P2 and P3 enhancement reflect chronic inflammation. Fluorescence optical imaging might therefore be a novel diagnostic tool for early PsA diagnosis.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.