With the acceleration of demographic aging, heart failure has become a global public health issue. Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) provides a therapeutic option serving as a bridge to transplantation or destination treatment for end‐stage heart failure. However, neither the molecular mechanism nor the gene expression profile of LVAD pathophysiology is well understood. Microarray dataset (GSE21610) was retrieved from the online database of the gene expression omnibus (GEO). Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between microarrays obtained before and after LVAD therapy were analyzed using GEO2R. Gene Ontology enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analysis were carried out, followed by protein–protein interaction (PPI) network construction, which was further visualized by the Cytoscape software. Finally, a target gene‐microRNA (miRNA) network was built using the NetworkAnalyst to predict potential miRNA interactions. A total of 36 upregulated DEGs and 14 downregulated DEGs were screened out. Five hub genes with the highest degree of connectivity were identified, including CCL2, CX3CR1, CD163, TLR7, and SERPINE1. CCL2 was identified as the most outstanding hub gene which is specially regulated by miR‐124, miR‐141, and miR‐495. Our study indicates that CCL2 is crucial to the LVAD pathophysiology. The identified hub genes may be involved in cardiac inflammatory responses, remodeling, and the chemokine signaling pathway. These DEGs, pathways, hub genes, miRNAs are valuable for further investigations. This study provides a better understanding of the gene expression profile in LVAD pathophysiology.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.