The complex Puchezh-Katunki (PK) structure was created in the area of the Vladimir-Vyatka dislocation zone on the crystalline basement of the East European platform. The crater ca 80 km in diameter is located north of the city Nizhny Novgorod and is covered by thick layers of Mesozoic sediments. Shocked rocks, mainly gneisses, have been described. Recrystallised feldspar-quartz melt is the most common component in specimens of impactites. The melt is preserved in the form of various clasts showing wavy nebulous contacts within the surrounding microcristalline or isotropic matrix. Planar deformation features (PDFs) were observed in the quartz grains, including toasted quartz. Their number ranges from one to three. The PDF lines are limited to the grain boundaries or cross them. A few ‘kinky’ cracks have been noted in the biotite plates. Lobate inter-grain contacts prove that quartz is recrystallised by grain-boundary migration. The recrystallized quartz also occurs in the form of ballen quartz and trydimite. Both types of quartz are numerous in the material under study. Tridymite tiles show patchy extinction. Various matrices formed from rock melts are microcrystalline (clay minerals) and contain fragments of isotropic glass, also in the form of spherules. In matrix, some clasts are in the form of the ballen quartz, sometimes with relics of PDFs. Matrices of recrystallized rock melts are characterised by different colours, number of clasts and are distinctly separated from each other. The melts during the impact process are immiscible. Secondary mineralization is more frequent in the rock melts and less frequent in the metamorphosed gneisses. Magnetite, pyrite and zeolites are the most common secondary minerals.
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Ferriére L., Koeberl C., 2007, Ballen quartz, an impact signature: new occurrence in impact melt breccia at Rochechouart-Chassenon impact structure, France, 70th Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting, Meteoritics and Planetary Science, supplement, vol. 42, p. 5079.
Ferriére L., Koeberl C., Reimold W.U., Libowitzky E., Greshake A., 2008, Ballen quartz and cristobalite in impact breccias: types, occurrence, and possible origin, Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV, LPI Contribution No. 1423, paper 3011.
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