Recent studies have associated oestrogen metabolism and cigarette smoking with their carcinogenic impact on the lungs. Compounds commonly found in tobacco smoke induce the activity of CYP1B1, the enzyme responsible for the synthesis of catecholic derivatives of oestrogens. During their redox transformations, these structures can release large amounts of reactive oxygen species or can form DNA adducts, which lead to the decomposition of genetic material. This process may illustrate the synergistic effect of oestrogenic activity and tobacco combustion on oestrogen-dependant lung cancer development. There is considerable evidence suggesting that the level of oestrogen in lung tumours is elevated. Therefore, by using reverse transcription, real-time PCR and Western Blot analysis, we evaluated the CYP1B1 status in tissues from 76 patients diagnosed with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) to confirm whether potential overexpression of CYP1B1 may impact lung cancerogenesis induced by oestrogens. We found significantly lower levels of CYP1B1 transcripts (p=0.00001) and proteins (p=0.000085) in lung tumour material compared to corresponding, histopathologically unchanged tissues. We also analysed the association of CYP1B1 expression with gender, age and clinicopathological data of NSCLC patients. We observed lower amounts of CYP1B1 occurring in the middle stages of LC, regardless of gender, age or histological type of lung cancer.
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