This work aims to evaluate the presence of chemical hazards on commercially-available dry fermented sausages (DFS) from different origins and provide preventive recommendations to warrant products safety. Samples (n=20) were purchased at retail level in different markets of Lisbon (Portugal) and Novi Sad (Serbia). Biogenic amines (BAs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and heavy elements were determined. Portuguese and Serbian DFS showed low levels of cadaverine (0.6–202mg/kg and 1.6–291mg/kg, respectively), putrescine (3.5–401mg/kg and 1.4–291mg/kg, respectively) and tyramine (32.6–206mg/kg and 5.0–246mg/kg, respectively). Histamine never reached considerable levels in both DFS. Low molecular weight PAHs were the most abundant, comprising more than 90% of total PAHs. Serbian and the majority of Portuguese DFS well meet the EU legislation for the PAHs content. The most prevalent heavy element in DFS from both origins was lead (0.01–0.34mg/kg). Contents of heavy elements in DFS from Portuguese and Serbian markets indicated that these potential hazards were present but at low risk for consumers. Additional investigation still has to be done regarding selection of autochthonous starters not producers of BAs and smoking step optimization to minimize the contents of BAs and potential toxic PAHs in DFS.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.