International Conference Environmental Engineering>2014
Property boundary points define the extent of property rightsin the field. For this reason, the precision of these coordinates is one of the most crucial factors which decide in both cases: the surface area of the property and the accuracy of this field and about the reliability limits and therefore the credibility of the cadastral system of the state. The ongoing process of cadastre modernization in Poland allows to improve the accuracy of the position of property boundary points. The coordinates of the boundary points can be fixed by various methods. Method of direct measuring in the field is preceded by the fixing of the boundaries in the presence of the owners. A photogrammetric method of marking out the boundaries basis of aerial photographs, the boundary points are or are not previously determined and indicated. The cartographic method for determining the coordinates of border points uses existing cadastral maps analogue, which has undergone a process of scanning and vectorization. The article presents an assessment of the accuracy of the coordinates designate the border points using the traditional method. It has been shown that the extent to which the accuracy of the coordinates is affected by the accuracy and establish the configuration points.
Accuracy of determination of real estate area has a great importance nowadays, both in real estate selling and in tax assessment and also in spatial planning. Present and used in the past methods of area determination of parcels, buildings and dwellings cause thatthe quantity of areas are not consistent and at present this situation gives many questions. In the paper, discussion and analysis of methods of determination of areas of all types of estate in Poland, has been presented. Both methods used nowadays and used in the past has been showed here. In the relation to dwellings it has also been pointed, various provisions in force, within the range of computations of areas. For buildings in turn, it has been presented possible cases of determination of area of footprint of building and area of floor area (as sum of usable floor spaces) and areas of auxiliary premises. For land real estate, methods of determination areas of parcels used in the past together with their analysis of accuracy of areas and analytical methods used at present, have been presented. It has been pointed possible errors of analytical determined parcel area, as derivative of inaccuracy of determination of coordinates of boundary points and shape of parcel. In the summarization, possible effects (both factual and legal) of erroneously revealed in documents areas or real estate, have been presented. It has also been presented possible changes in provisions of law, partially solving problem of inaccuracy of determination real estate area.
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SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.