Blue to red organic light-emitting diodes based on a series of newly synthesized distyrylbenzenes have been demonstrated. Their optical properties have been theoretically and experimentally studied in order to inquire into the substitution effects (such as electron-donating, electron-withdrawing, and steric hindrance) on the emission color. Density functional theory at B3LYP/6-311+G(d) level of calculation was employed to obtain the molecular structures and highest occupied molecular orbital and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital surfaces. Electroluminescence emission range of compounds could be tuned by changing the strength of the acceptor component and using push–pull and nonplanarity effects from 483 (blue) to 600 (red) nm
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.