The rise of the Young Turks brought a false sense of hope amongst the reformers in the Arab provinces of the Ottoman Empire which was soon to be dashed by the Turkification policy of the Young Turks. As a result of the policies of the Young Turks the emphasis in the question of reform changed from one of reform within the Empire to the one of Arab autonomy. The emerging semi-secret Arab societies pressed for a truly representative central government in which all peoples would have equal status and for a large measure of autonomy for the Arab provinces. Any hopes that the Arabs had were destroyed by the pursuance of a policy of Turkish nationalism with its pro-Muslim aspects and the aim of imposing the Turkish language on the whole Empire.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.