The cult of the thing forced itself into the spotlight in the avant-garde through all possible routes, including the denotation of the text genre as a thing. In particular, this was how the Russian avant-garde and Russian literary criticism proclaimed their renunciation of the high, ecstatic concept of art. But the roots of the prolific methods of Russian formalism and Czech structuralism were simultaneously being found in Husserl's phenomenology. In the Czech modernist tradition, the general aesthetic concept of the work-thing as one of the most important vantage points of a work of art was more effective than the thing-genre, and it has remained meaningful even up to now. In Jan Mukarovsky's aesthetics, the concept of the work-thing underwent a radical transformation, whose results are an extraordinary contribution to the study of aesthetics. Parallel to the change in the conception of the work-thing, the strengthening of the accent on the thing-related nature of the poetic word also occurred in Mukarovsky's works on poetic expression, which again created a common denominator with his writings on the work-thing. Some of Mukarovsky's thoughts on the 'work-thing - work-sign - aesthetic object - artifact' are part of his envisioning of numerous new ideas in aesthetics internationally.
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