The article outlines the latest history of a former Yugoslav province that less than three years ago, following a fiasco of international negotiations on its status, unilaterally proclaimed sovereignty. Issues connected with tense Albanian-Serbian relations are highlighted, bringing into relief the key moments in the evolution of Albanian separatist tendencies in Kosovo and some mechanisms of the political game played by Belgrade, Prishtina and the international community regarding Kosovo in the 1990s (until the outbreak of an open armed conflict over the province between NATO and Yugoslavia in the spring of 1999). The situation of Kosovo between 1999-2009 is characterized through data on the transformation of this province's legal and political systems and a model according to which international presence on its territory was realized since June 1999 (taking into account the similarities and differences between the period prior to the acceptance of regulations included in the so-called Ahtisaari plan by the international community and Kosovars, and the period following acceptance of the plan in 2007).
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.