Europe is defined in the paper as one of the leading subjects of neo-European political philosophy which cannot be thought beyond its practical dimension; in theoretical aspect the core of the European problem is the universal character of European values, while in the practical one that is the realization of those universal values in the political order. The problem of the unity and diversity of Europe in the both aspects is a motive power of the modern European history; in political aspect it passes from the unity of European nations in a single civilization to deny the values and belongings in favour of a single civilization. The author also analyses the problems of formation of the young European nations, Ukraine in particular, in the present conditions.
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