The author tries to make explicit the most important themes in Leszek Kolakowski's book 'The Presence of Myth' in order to understand his view on religion. The cognitive value of the book, according to the paper's author, is twofold. On the one hand, the book is a result of genuine work in thinking that allowed Kolakowski, previously a Marxist thinker, and then a critical rationalist, to radically change his position in regards of interpreting and understanding religion. On the other hand, it is an original attempt to justify a non-reductive understanding of religion. Though Kolakowski refrains from tackling the question of the existence of 'Unconditioned Reality', being convinced that such an attempt is intellectually futile, nonetheless he gives serious arguments for the durability of the human need for finding a place in the world by seeking the answer about the meaning of human life.