The article discusses the processes of formation of a political stratum in Poland and the results of their actions in the years 1989-2004. The author points to several (direct and indirect) causes of the deficiencies of that stratum: party fragmentation, insufficient programmatic work, fluidity in the composition of successive parliaments. This last development negatively affects the quality of legislative work. At the same time, instability of the executive branch has an adverse impact on the quality of governance. As a consequence of these developments democratic legitimacy of the system is under pressure, populism creeps in and oligarchic tendencies appear in economy. The author suggests that if the political stratum is to perform beneficial role for the social and political system, the party structure and quality of work of individual members must improve. At the end of the article the author discusses the conditions of democratic consolidation and the conditions of effective functioning of Polish politicians in the institutions of European Union.
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SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.