The article is in fact author's address during the international conference on 'The Warsaw Uprising in the Context of Polish-German Relations' (Warsaw, March 30-April 1, 2007). He argues that there is no room for an 'absolute enemy' in the selected works by Andrzej Wajda, Kazimierz Kutz and Andrzej Munk of the so-called 'Polish Film School' and that the films are free of the hatred to the Germans as invaders and occupiers. What emerge from the films are a toothless enemy and then a bodiless enemy. The thesis is exemplified in a movie 'Canal' - the death of the Warsaw insurgents is portrayed in a symbolic language; in 'Ostinato lugubre', the second part of the movie 'Eroica', in which the Germans (as enemy) are not the demonic personification of oppression; in 'The Dog' (part of Cross of Valor) - the hero saves the life of the dog guarding inmates at the Auschwitz death camp; in 'Lotna', one of few war films in the history of cinema that does without the character of a (German) enemy. The author points out that the 'dematerialization' of the enemy flows from the special (both psychological and moral) instinct of self-preservation rather than forgiveness.
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