The article presents Gadamer's views on the essence of humanistic experiment and its relationship with historicalness of human understanding. It is stressed that according to Gadamer the ontological structure of this kind of experiment is different from that of experiments in science. The sources of this difference are sought by Gadamer in ancient Greek division of knowledge into 'sophia' (theoretic) and 'phronesis' (practical) but he refers also to European tradition of humanistic and philosophical thinking (Herder, Vico, Kant, Hegel). In this tradition some characteristic concepts appeared (Bildung, sensus communis, conceptual generality, tact, taste and others) that can serve as a point of departure for building new idea of humanistic experience.
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