There is no doubt that the assumption of methodological naturalism is currently considered to be a necessary condition of science. The role of metaphysical naturalism in scientific studies is not so evident. In his paper the author analyzes the role played in science by both kinds of naturalism.He also tries to show how the assumptions of naturalism make the scientific and theistic visions of the world irreconcilable with one another. In this way he discusses the thesis of the impossibility of conflict between science and religion.
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