In many of her literary works, the writer and columnist Eliza Orzeszkowa (1841-1910) depicted the life of the Polish society in the eastern lands of the former Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the second half of the 19th century. Her naturalist and ethnographic fascinations led to a cycle of articles on 'The people and flowers on the Niemen river', published in 1888-1891 in the ethnographic-tourist magazine 'Wisla', analysed by E.Kaminska in 'Zioloznawstwo i ziololecznictwo w publikacjach etnograficznych Elizy Orzeszkowej' (The knowledge of herbs and medicine based on herbal remedies in the ethnographic publications of Eliza Orzeszkowa), published in 'Historia leków naturalnych' (History of natural medicines), vol. I of the 'Zródla do dziejów etnofarmacji polskiej' (Sources for the history of Polish ethnopharmacy), Warszawa 1996. In 1988, J.Majewski and S.Kucharski published an article 'Pasje pisarki' (The writer's passions) in 'Gazeta Farmaceutyczna' (Pharmaceutical Journal), illustrated with pages from the Orzeszkowa's herbal. Moreover, J.Majewski found also other herbal-albums, kept, among other places, at the Museum of the Marist Fathers near London, and in the archival collections of the Ossolineum publishing house. A major surprise was connected with the discovery of a herbal that had the features of genuine botanical documentation.Its title page, discovered by J. Majewski and S. Kucharski, in the collections of the Poznan Society of the Friends of Science, carries the inscription 'Zielnik Elizy Orzeszkowej. Z pól, lak i lasów, nadniemenskich miejscowosci, Miniewicze, Ponizany, Hledowicze, Kowszów, Poniemun, Horny, Kolpaki (The Herbal of Eliza Orzeszkowa. From the fields, meadows and woods of localities on the Niemen river, Miniewicze, Ponizany, Hledowicze, Kowszów, Poniemun, Horny, Kolpaki). Its historical value was shown by A. M. Kielak in her publication 'Zielnik Elizy Orzeszkowej nieznany zabytek botaniczny przechowywany w zbiorach Poznanskiego Towarzystwa Przyjaciól Nauk' (The herbal of Eliza Orzeszkowa. An unknown botanical relic kept in the collections of the Poznan Society of the Friends of Science), Poznan 2004
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.