After the end of the Second World War, Jean Monnet, who had many years of experience in international economic cooperation became the head of the General Planning Commission with a task to rebuild and modernize French economy. He was convinced that France could be rebuilt on condition that Europe was rebuilt, and that the solution of the German issue must be undertaken within the European framework. J. Monnet relied above all on the possibility of obtaining German coal by France which was necessary for rebuilding French economy. Following the establishment of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1949 the situation of Germany underwent a major change. Western allies expected France to prepare an initiative that would enable an integration of West Germany with the rest of Western Europe. J. Monnet then suggested to Robert Schuman, the French Minister of Foreign Affairs, that a European Coal and Steel Community could be created on a French-German foundation. The project was prepared by J. Monnet and his closest coworkers, and presented to the public on 9th May, 1950. It went down in history under the name of the Schuman plan.
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