The article is devoted to myth as interpretated by Alexei F. Losev (1893-1988), an outstanding Russian philosopher and philologist. In his 'The Dialectics of Myth' A. Losev aims at revealing the phenomenological and dialectical ways of the perception of myths. Defining the myth through negation, he distinguishes six characteristics of a myth which, in his opinion, give an opportunity 'to dissect a myth for its essence and meaning' and formulate its positively philosophical definition in the so called 'formula of myth'.
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