The subject of the paper is the concurrence of problems between Norwid's comedy 'Second Thousandth Night' and the theoretical controversies contemporarily discussed by literary scholars. Norwid's work, written in romantic period, submits into discussion such kind of examination of literature that dominates in the contemporary studies, when poststructuralism has crystallized. The paper answers the question how it happens that 'Second Thousandth Night' is still actual, clear, and extensive as far as the phenomenon of literature is concerned. The events of 'Second Thousandth Night' assume that special attention is paid on the text in question, which is the core of the discussion in this paper. Norwid gave his comedy an autothematic construction: two protagonists - Roger and Lady - expressively reciting the poem 'Over the houses of the Capullets and the Montagues...' effect this kind of artistic activity that made the poetic activity come into existence. Directions of artistic activity taken by Roger, Lady, and Norwid are the same. As a result, 'Second Thousandth Night' shows the phenomenon of literature simultaneously on two levels - fictional level and the level of Norwid's authentic poetic activity. Such characteristics of Norwid's work shed light on the literary-theoretical controversies arisen by scholars since the text in question causes them by its existence.
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