The aim of this article is to present anorexia nervosa as a complex phenomenon which ought to be analyzed in macro-, mezo- and microstructural context. Anorexia is defined in terms of 'self-destructive adaptation strategy' which is considered to be a reaction to specific configuration of cultural patterns and family system. The most significant factors affecting the process of forming the identity based on being an anorectic are: perfectionism and contemporary standards of beauty - as far as culture is concerned as well as dysfunctions of communication structure and lack of flexibility in role patterns - as far as family is concerned. Results of content analysis of websites dealing with anorexia are presented to illustrate the mentioned process on mezosocial level. As a conclusion, the authoress sketches the main assumptions of individual and family system psychotherapy of anorectics.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.