The following article is the first chapter of an MA thesis written in the Transatlantic Studies at the Jagiellonian University. The thesis, entitled 'Between Surrealism and Anthropophagy: Revolutionary aspects of Modernism From a Transatlantic Perspective', discussed the different aspects of the modernist revolutionary project of Surrealism, in Europe, and Anthropophagy, in Brazil, focusing on the impacts of both projects at their time and how they developed into two distinct forms of understanding culture and society. The first chapter aims to define the term 'modernism' and to analyze how art interpreted the crisis of modernity.
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