In the Polish law system, cultural heritage (historical monuments) and the property law are not absolute values. The conservation administration is thus compelled to continually search for a compromise. An useful directive for delineating the limits of permissible intervention into historical substance is the principle of proportionality derived from the Constitution of the Republic of Poland, which assumes the usefulness, necessity and proportional nature of the accepted limitations. This is a tool for seeking an optimal solution that would remain in accord with the requirements and purposes of the protection of historical monuments. At the same time, it must be noted that the conservation administration is obligated to maintain such a balance of public and individual interest which would not undermine the essence of the protected value (the very core of historical value), defined upon the basis of suitably conducted historical studies of the given monument.
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