ON THE EARLY HUNNIC PRESENCE IN THE DANUBIAN PROVINCES IN THE LIGHT OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL FINDS (Zur Frage der fruhesten hunnischen Anwesenheit in donaulandischen Provinzen am Beispiel des archaologischen Befundes)
The constantly discussed question of Hunnic expansion into Central Europe and provincial Danube region is a topic of the study. Unlike former catastrophic conceptions, which linked Hunnic expansion with definitive break up of Danubian provinces sometimes at the turn of the 4th and 5th centuries, historical and archaeological sciences gradually has come to a more optimistic and differentiated view on development in the Danube region in the historical period under study. Based on some specificities of archaeological and anthropological finds, grave assemblages in particular, that in addition to horseman-nomadic and Hunnic elements prove also remarkable influence of the late ancient milieu in its equipment, these studies make an attempt to define the oldest horizon of finds evidencing Hunnic presence as soon as in the early 5th century. This group of archaeological monuments with Hunnic foederati as their probable bearers that settled the provinces from the terminating 4th century have to be distinguished from a complex of barbarian finds dated to the period of the Hunnic Empire flowering with typical posthumous sacrifices and isolated graves and also from already numerous grave finds left by populations that had lived within the Empire of Attila limits.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.