The review introduces key topics within psychology of intergroup relations. It focuses on the differences between (inter)group and (inter) individual behaviour as well as on conditions for their activation in various social contexts. It defines the process of social categorization that differentiates people into ingroups and outgroups. Moreover, the review deals with relation to the ingroup and intergroup bias both resulting from activation of intergroup perception. The relation towards outgroups is represented by the concept of intergroup attitudes. The triarchic theory of attitudes distinguishes among a cognitive, affective and behavioral part of attitudes. In the intergroup context, cognitive part corresponds to stereotypes, affective part to prejudices and behavioral part to discrimination towards outgroup members. Lastly, the review addresses prejudice and stereotypes from social- psychological perspective.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.