In China there are different categories of enterprises, like state-owned companies, private and modern globalizing organizations. Regardless of the character of the company, their functioning and human resources management are strongly influenced by the Chinese culture. Confucianism is the inherent part and a great symbol of Chinese culture and it has had a strong impact on Chinese way of thinking, living, working and developing. Confucianism as a moral and ethical system, promotes human virtues like: Filial piety, Loyalty and Relationships. All Confucian virtues are important to understand how people and organizations function today. There is a great question about the modern vitality of Confucianism. The arrival of Western culture in the nineteenth century, however, essentially rejected the self-change or self-adjustment preferred by Confucians. Arguably, there is a need for a new moral foundation for political rule in China, as well as a new philosophy that can provide moral guidance in everyday life. The relationship between Confucianism and Western liberalism is one of the most important unsettled questions in modern China. The key issue connecting Confucianism with modern and future reality includes the position of the organization leader, which is characterized by huge distance between him and his employees. Workers are organized in more and more modern structures, however the high position, respect and aloofness existing between leader and workers is still very strong. That is why the structure and management of workers has become the key issue to the high-positioned leader or manager.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.