The authoress recapitulates the experience she gained during her fieldwork in the 1960s and 1970s. She comes to the conclusion that ethnographic research in Slovakia at that time was aimed mostly to follow and reconstruct the vanishing phenomena of 'folk culture', that is, shepherd culture and peasant culture. The ethnographers paid attention mainly to the detail description of the local contexts and compared diverse cultural conditions distributed in space. Depiction of the elements of modernisation was uncommon, although they could be a part of investigated culture. The result of cultural analysis, therefore, often presented an ideal construct isolated from informal logic of reality.