The paper deals with a rather embarrassing problem, namely that while our country wishes to and is forced to join a globalizing world where the weight of agriculture and the people engaged in it has shrunk to its mere fragment during the past century, and while despite our past in state socialism it was this trend that has emerged in Hungary too, yet, after the change of the political system the political elites 'distributed land', thus making masses landowners. The 'land reform' governed by politics is all the more embarrassing because, in the author's view the Hungarian countryside and the villages were already 'after agriculture' at the end of the period of state socialism, that is prior to the change of the political system. In other words, the politicians offered and even forced the massive distribution of land as an alternative of development for the society of the countryside and the villages in the new Hungarian capitalism under conditions that have already been historically overcome. The paper investigates what actually the most recent 'distribution of land' meant for the people of the country by the example of the development of a small region of 'late' industrialisation, that was linked 'late' and 'weakly' to domestic market development and modernisation. The paper draws the conclusion that it has definitely not offered an “alternative of development”.
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