2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine hydrochloride hydrate (I) was determined by X-ray crystallography, and the intermolecular interaction energies were calculated in terms of Natural Bond Orbital analysis. The asymmetric unit of (I) consists of a dinitrophenylhydrazinium cation, a chloride anion and a water molecule. The interatomic distances and angles in (I) show no unusual values. In the structure there are intermolecular N-H⊎⊎⊎O, N-H⊎⊎⊎Cl, O-H⊎⊎⊎Cl, C-H⊎⊎⊎O hydrogen bonds with bonding energy ranging form 16.03 to 0.76 kcal mol−1. These hydrogen bonds create the following N1 motifs: 6D, S(5), S(6), C(6), C(9). N1D motifs become infinite at the third level and are 2C 32(6), C 32(7). <alternatives> [...] </alternatives>
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