The evaluation of the effectiveness of Tachosil in the treatment of lymphorrhea of the postoperative wound in the selected group of patients, after vascular reconstructive surgeries – preliminary report
Lymphorrhea of a postoperative wound after vascular reconstructive surgeries does not occur frequently but it accounts for a major complication. It should be brought to attention that during the intraoperative period it is impossible to diagnose any damages within the lymphatic system of the operated area. Additionally, the treatment of lymphorrheawith thermal abrasion does not usually bring the desired outcome. Therefore, the extended time of the postoperative wound treatment with the lymphatic drainage constitutes a standard method in such cases.
<bold>The aim of the study </bold>was to evaluate the effectiveness of Tachosil surgical patch in the treatment of lymphorrhea of the postoperative wound in a selected group of patients who have undergone vascular reconstructive surgeries. Additionally, the aim of the study was to analyze the results and draw conclusions pertaining to the validity and effectiveness of the treatment with the use of Tachosil surgical patch.
<bold>Material and methods. </bold>The observed group included 10 patients with lymphorrhea developed during the postoperative period. 6 of the observed patients have undergone the vascular reconstructive surgery with the implantation of the vascular prosthesis (distal femoropopliteal reconstruction bridge - 3 patients; iliofemoral reconstruction bridge - 1 patient; angioplasty of the common femoral artery (CFA) with the use of the prosthetic patch - 1 patient; the implantation of the bifurcated (type Y) aortofemoral prosthesis - 1 patient). The remaining patients in the observed group have undergone the restoration of patency of the CFA. Additionally, 1 patient has undergone the resection of the pseudo aneurysm in the distal part of the iliofemoral prosthesis. The vascular reconstructive surgery required the denudation and isolation of the common femoral artery from the surrounding tissue as a step 1. The persisting lymphorrhea of the postoperative wound, in the volume of more than 200 ml per day during the first 3 postoperative days, indicated the necessity for the inguinal wound revision. In addition, Tachosil surgical patch was applied at that time. The drain was placed over Tachosil patch.
<bold>Results. </bold>Complete stop of lymphorrhea was shorter by 4.87 days in patients treated with the use of Tachosil in comparison to control group. These patients also had an average hospitalization time shorter by 3.88 days than patients in the control group.
<bold>Conclusions. </bold>Early intervention in the cases of lymphorrhea of the postoperative wound allows planning and conducting successful treatment. The use of Tachosil surgical patch in the treatment of lymphorrhea of the postoperative wound shortens the treatment and hospitalization periods. The use of Tachosil in the treatment of postoperative lymphorrhea appeared to be significantly more effective than the standard drainage method of treatment. Results obtained through this study pave the way for the research on other possible applications of Tachosil in the cases of lymphorrhea after vascular reconstructive surgeries.
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