Aging population, increases the number of major abdominal surgery (MAS) performed in the elderly. Main goal of physiotherapy after that surgery is prevention postoperative complications and reduction of functional limitation.
<bold>The aim of the study </bold>was to asses functional status elderly people after MAS during early postoperative physiotherapy.
<bold>Material and methods. </bold>In a prospective randomized study involved 34 patients scheduled for elective MAS, aged 65+. Patients were randomly assigned to receive PNF or conventional physiotherapy. The study included forced spirometry (FVC, FEV1, PEF) and functional tests (gait speed, up&go). Measurements were performed before surgery and the fourth day after surgery. Also analyzed age, sex, BMI and the level of postoperative independence (postoperative independence scale SAP). Kolmogorow- Smirnow test was used to check normal distribution, t-Student was used to check whether two sets of data differ significantly, and r-Pearsons for correlations testing. p values <0.05 were considered significant.
<bold>Results. </bold>After surgery the time of gait speed test and up and go test was significant longer in comparison to preoperative value. FVC%, FEV1%, PEF% values was decrease. In the PNF group was found significantly higher postoperative independence(SAP) and shorter length of stay in hospital compared to conventional physiotherapy group. Results of SAP and functional tests were significantly positive correlated.
<bold>Conclusions. </bold>Major abdominal surgery decrees efficiency of walking and lung ventilation after 65 year old in early postoperative period. Some techniques of the PNF concept used in improving older patients after the MAS may favourably affect the postoperative increase independence and reduce the time of hospitalization.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.