Acute appendicitis is one of the most common diseases requiring rapid surgical intervention. The disease occurs most often in people between 10 and 30 years of age, the risk of acute appendicitis during the whole life is 6-20%.
The aim of the study was to assess the impact of BMI on the quality of life of patients operated for acute appendicitis according to the method of operation (LA- Laparoscopical Appendectomy OA - Open Appendectomy) and follow-up time after surgery.
Material and methods. The study was conducted on a group of 86 randomly selected patients- 40 operated conventionally (18 women and 22 men) and from 46 patients undergoing laparoscopy (33 women and 13 men), which were operated during the period between 15 July 2007 and 27 February 2009. Each patient was assessed by BMI, recognizing the value of > 25 kg/m2 as overweight. In this study the basis of quality of life was a form Medical Outcomes Study36 -the Short Form or SF-36v.2. Results. Patients operated on in LA for 6 months observation to better assessed general health (GH) independently of BMI, while those with BMI ≤ 25 better assessed social functioning (SF) (p =0.027), an overall assessment of Physical Component Summary (PCS) (p = 0.048),Mental Component Summary (MCS) (p = 0.022) as well as an overall indicator of quality of life (p =0.025). The relationships that was not found in observations of more than 6 months after surgery (ns).
Conclusions. Questionnaire SF-36v.2 facilitated an objective assessment of quality of life of patients operated on for acute appendicitis. Patients operated on by laparoscopic in observation for 6 months above assessed the quality of life regardless of BMI. The relationships that was not found in observations of more than 6 months after surgery (ns).
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.