This article makes a brief review of the most important results obtained by the authors and their collaborators during the last four years in the field of the development of metal-insulator-silicon structures with dielectric film containing silicon nanocrystals, which are suitable for applications in radiation dosimetry. The preparation of SiOx films is briefly discussed and the annealing conditions used for the growth of silicon nanocrystals are presented. A two-step annealing process for preparation of metal-oxide-semiconductor structures with three-layer gate dielectrics is described. Electron Microscopy investigations prove the Si nanocrystals growth, reveal the crystal spatial distribution in the gate dielectric and provide evidences for the formation of a top SiO2 layerwhen applying the two-step annealing. Two types of MOS structures with three region gate dielectricswere fabricated and characterized by high frequency capacitance/conductancevoltage (C/G-V) measurements. The effect of gamma and ultraviolet radiation on the flatband voltage of preliminary charged metal-oxide-semiconductor structures is investigated and discussed.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.