To better understand formal care providers’ role in fall prevention.
Qualitative synthesis as part of an integrative review.
Fifteen electronic databases were consulted with the time limit being December 2017. Studies included were qualitative primary studies on formal care providers and fall prevention of people over 65 years of age in health care facilities. 17 studies...
A prior meta‐analysis found that obesity (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 30 kg/m2) was associated with a high fall risk, while being overweight (BMI≥25, <30 kg/m2) was associated with the lowest fall risk. However, whether these associations hold true for East Asians is unknown. This study aimed to assess the association between BMI and incidence of recurrent falls in Japanese aged 40–74 years....
To explore the risk factors of falls and the gender differences based on demographic and disease characteristics, physical capability, and fear of falling in older adults with diabetes visiting outpatient clinics in Taiwan.
A total of 485 patients with type 2 diabetes aged between 65 and 80 years were recruited from three endocrine outpatient clinics...
Older adults with visual impairments experience a higher risk of falling, and are more vulnerable to adverse health consequences associated with falls than those with normal vision. This study characterizes longitudinal changes in objectively measured physical activity and fear of falling (FoF) occurring after various types of falls in visually impaired older adults.
Depression is a risk factor for various conditions, including suicide. Considering the high prevalence of fear of falling in the elderly, its association with depression requires examination. This study investigated the relationship between depressive symptoms and fear of falling and falling‐induced daily activity restrictions in Koreans aged 60 years or above.
Data from the...
Insomnia increases the incidence of falls and impairs executive function. Moreover, falls are associated with executive function impairment. The relationship between falls and executive function in patients with insomnia is not clear. The aim of this study was to evaluate relationship between falls and executive function in individuals with insomnia and a control group.
Infants’ avoidance of drop‐offs has been described as an affordance learning that is not transferable between different locomotor postures. In addition, there is evidence that infants perceive and act similarly around real and water cliffs. This cross‐sectional study investigated the effects of specific locomotor experiences on infants’ avoidance behaviour using the Real Cliff/Water Cliff paradigm...
Falls are a traumatic event that represents a major public health problem worldwide. The literature is rich in published studies of falls from heights, but only a few articles have focused on falls into wells. The region of Kairouan, in central Tunisia, is characterized by an arid climate, hence the abundance of wells for watering crops. In this study, 72 cases of deadly falls into wells were retrospectively...
Sarcopenia and obesity are common conditions in older adults that may have differing effects on falls and fracture risk. This systematic review and meta‐analysis aimed to determine whether older adults with sarcopenic obesity have increased risk of falls and fractures or lower bone mass compared with older adults with sarcopenia, obesity, or neither condition. Twenty‐six studies (n = 37,124) were...
In movement disorders such as Parkinson's disease (PD), cholinergic signaling is disrupted by the loss of basal forebrain cholinergic neurons, as well as aberrant activity in striatal cholinergic interneurons (ChIs). Several lines of evidence suggest that gait imbalance, a key disabling symptom of PD, may be driven by alterations in high‐level frontal cortical and cortico‐striatal processing...
To investigate the prevalence and level of concern about falling (CF) among older people with vision impairment due to age‐related macular degeneration (AMD) compared to a visually normal control group, and to identify determinants of CF for the AMD group.
Participants included 133 older people: 77 with AMD (mean age = 80.5 ± 6.2 years), and 56 controls (mean age = 75.4 ± 5.3 years)...
Ineffective interdisciplinary communication has negative impacts on patient outcomes. The use of regular structured interdisciplinary bedside rounds (SIBR), where each patient interaction lasts 3–5 minutes, is a model of care that improves interdisciplinary communication. We evaluated the impact of SIBR on in‐hospital falls.
Prospective before‐after study of older people...
People with osteoarthritis (OA) are at a higher risk of falls and fall‐related injuries. However, there is limited knowledge of the burden and correlates of falls in middle‐aged people with OA. Using data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative, this study aimed to determine the prevalence and correlates of falls among middle‐aged people with OA. A total of 1,019 adults aged 45–64 years with OA were included...
Millions of older people world‐wide receive community care services in their home to assist them to live independently. These services often include personal care, domestic assistance and social support which are delivered by non‐university trained staff, and are frequently long term. Older people receiving community care services fall 50% more often than individuals of similar age not receiving services...
Rational, aims, and objectives
The FallProof Balance and Mobility Program is a multifactorial fall prevention intervention that targets intrinsic risk factors such as muscle strength, balance, gait, and posture. Using mixed methods, we evaluated the implementation of the program for older adults at high risk of falling in the community.
A pre‐post program evaluation and semi‐structured...
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with frailty. Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is elevated in CKD and associated with frailty among non‐CKD older adults and individuals with human immunodeficiency virus. Whether FGF23 is associated with frailty and falls in CKD is unknown.
Cross‐sectional and longitudinal observational study.
Systolic Blood Pressure...
Background and Aim
Frailty is increasingly recognized as a major prognostic factor in cirrhosis in addition to conventional liver insufficiency scores. The aim was to compare the prevalence and characteristics of frailty between patients with cirrhosis and controls, and to analyse its prognostic value.
We included outpatients with cirrhosis and age‐ and gender‐matched non‐cirrhotic controls...
Visual acuity and stereopsis both play an important role in developing posture and balance in children. The aim of this study was to investigate whether children with traumatic dental injuries (TDI) have abnormal stereopsis, due to a reduction in visual acuity, compared to children with good dental health.
Material and Methods
A total of 140 participants (75 with traumatic dental...
Background and purpose
Falling is considered an important public health problem among older people. A recent cross‐sectional study suggested that cognitive frailty (CF) is associated with falls. We aimed to explore whether CF is a risk factor for falls in a population‐based longitudinal study.
Using data from the Rugao Longevity and Aging Study, physical frailty was assessed according to...
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