Studies have shown that poverty and income are powerful predictors of homicide and violent crime. We hypothesized that the effect of the growing gap between the rich and poor is mediated through an undermining of social cohesion, or social capital, and that decreased social capital is in turn associated with increased
Poverty observed from business in the academic field has evolved in some publications and is characterized as a multidimensional phenomenon, having several theoretical strands that add their attention to this problem. The objective of this study is to identify and cluster the variables of poverty in the business
Współcześnie mamy do czynienia ze zjawiskiem „intensywnego”, „profesjonalizującego” się rodzicielstwa. Fenomen bardzo (jeśli nie nadmiernie) świadomego, traktującego wychowanie dziecka jako „projekt”, wspieranego za pomocą fachowych porad, książek i specjalistów macierzyństwa i ojcostwa wydaje się dotyczyć przede wszystkim rodziców z klasy średniej. Jak obecnie wygląda rodzicielstwo i wychowywanie...
This paper addresses issues of public health and access to care for the urban poor in the context of current U.S. urban, economic and industrial policy. The pathologies that threaten inner city neighborhoods are the result of decades of political neglect, economic exploitation and resource withdrawal, which themselves stem directly from public and corporate sector strategies to facilitate capital...
asked to describe their lives, the women invariably began discussing coping strategies they used to manage on a low income. One woman actually made the connection between poverty and a lack of control by defining poverty as h aving no options .
This review examines the interactions of financial status and HIV and its implications for women. MEDLINE and Google scholar were searched using the keywords ‘women’, ‘poverty’ and ‘HIV’ in any field of the article. The search was limited to articles published in English over the last 10 years. The first section of
the extent the scientific community, health authorities, and international health agencies interact with EPSD as a health problem that is commonly associated with poverty and poor hygiene. Methods A bibliometric analysis methodology was used. The Scopus database was used to retrieve documents about EPSD for the
Recent literature on smart cities stresses the role of digitization in tackling urban issues such as environmental degradation and poverty. The wicked nature of these issues gives rise to the need to understand the diverse perspectives of relevant stakeholder groups on smart cities. However, existing research that
and how these changes affect overall food poverty. We illustrate our approach using household survey data from Malawi. We find that food poverty is of serious concern with large within-country variations. We find that price shocks for staple foods have a considerable impact on food security with particularly strong
reinforcing essential human capabilities. In introducing this special issue, this paper argues that agriculture is central to improving food security and reducing poverty in Africa. It suggests that realizing the potential of agriculture in Africa requires rapid increases in land productivity and increases in agricultural yields
This article studies one of the main bottlenecks in providing more effective information access: the poverty on the query end. We explore whether users can classify keyword queries into categories from the DMOZ directory on different levels and whether this topical context can help retrieval performance. We have
Interest in the effects of neighborhood context on individual wellbeing has increased in recent years. We now know that neighborhood conditions, such as poverty and deprivation, negatively impact residents. However, most of the extant work has taken an urban focus. Less is known about these processes in rural
recommendations for future interventions. We conducted a keyword search using Embase, Medline and PsychInfo, existing reviews, ‘grey literature’, as well as expert working group reports. A total of 138 studies met our inclusion criteria; 31 were published in peer-reviewed journals, 107 in the grey literature. All peer-reviewed
The aim of this concept analysis is to define economic solvency in the context of violence against women. Poverty, or lack of resources, is often discussed as a risk factor for intimate partner violence. The concept of economic solvency, which may be a protective factor for women, is less often discussed and not
reveals that single mothers experience poorer physical and mental health than their married counterparts. An important contributory factor for this health disparity appears to be socio‐economic disadvantage.
MethodsA systematic search of the literature was conducted using the keywords ‘lone’ or
Metoda biograficzna od początku swojego istnienia stosowana była w socjologii do badania
doświadczeń osób i grup „marginalnych”, wykluczonych, znajdujących się poza głównym
nurtem społeczeństwa. Procesy biograficzne przedstawicieli grup społecznie defaworyzowanych
nie pozostają bez związku z osobami i instytucjami udzielającymi im profesjonalnego
wsparcia. Biografie osób doświadczających różnego...
poverty to stigma, dowry and insanity. The worldwide experience of infant murder reaches from facilitation of gender determination in China and Asia to lethal execution of mothers as perpetrators in the United States. Conclusion: Infanticide must be viewed against the political, cultural, social and legal
Household definitions used in multi-topic household surveys vary between surveys but have potentially significant implications for household composition, production, and poverty statistics. Standard definitions of the household usually include some intersection of keywords relating to residency requirements, common
Tungiasis (sand flea disease) is an ectoparasitic skin disease caused by the female sand flea/jigger flea (Tunga penetrans). As poverty is the major driving force of the disease, it can be called as a poverty-associated plague. It is one of the emerging neglected diseases in Latin America, Caribbean, sub
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SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.