The contentious 2016 U.S. presidential election was marked by acrimonious televised debates between the two major candidates, Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump, federal investigations of Clinton's emails that were sent from a personal server when she held office as Secretary of State, and the release of a videotape of lewd remarks by Trump about his behavior toward women. Financial market...
Research on political socialization has shown that political and civic experiences during high school can impact later political engagement. However, political scientists are increasingly realizing that nonpolitical experiences, dispositions, and attributes in childhood and adolescence can play a role in shaping political participation. Building on recent studies in developmental psychology,...
Clinical teaching fellow (CTF) jobs give junior doctors the opportunity to develop their mentoring and teaching skills, yet awareness of the posts remains low. Here the authors describe what being a CTF entails and the benefits it can offer.
Little is known about the precise aetiology of systemic lupus erythematosus, but treatment should be individualised according to predominant symptoms, organ involvement, response to previous therapy and disease activity and severity.
Cure rates for stage 1 testicular cancer are reaching 100%. However, long‐term treatment‐related side effects pose their own health risks. Regular follow up and monitoring are important for early detection and timely treatment of conditions such as testosterone deficiency and metabolic syndrome.
An increasing number of men diagnosed with localised prostate cancer has been accompanied by more men being considered for active surveillance as a management option. Here the author provides an update on recent developments in active surveillance and changes to NICE guidance.
Critical Care Outreach Services (CCOS) were recommended by the Department of Health in the United Kingdom in 2000. Despite being an established service, research studies have not explicitly demonstrated its efficacy.
Aim and objectives
To explore the impact of CCOS from the perspective of hospital ward staff to inform service improvement potential.
A pilot formative process...
Non‐communicative adult ICU patients are vulnerable to inadequate pain management with potentially severe consequences. In German‐speaking countries, there is limited availability of a validated pain assessment tool for this population.
The aim of this observational study was to test the German version of the Critical‐Care Pain Observation Tool (CPOT) in a heterogeneous adult ICU...
The practice of oral care in intensive care settings remains inconsistent among intubated patients, yet these patients are at high risk of developing ventilator‐associated pneumonia. Therefore, it is important to adopt safe professional behaviour based on clinical practice guidelines. This study was based on Ajzen's (1985) theory of planned behavior, a conceptual framework that allows...
The aim of the study was to explore the incidence, use, and scope of patient diaries in paediatric intensive care units (PICUs) in the United Kingdom and Ireland.
This was an electronic survey sent to 30 PICUs in the United Kingdom and Ireland.
All PICUs (n = 30) responded, and 43% (n = 13) offered diaries. For those units that did not supply diaries, the reasons given were...
Managing nutrition in critically ill patients is an important intervention to promote healing. It is unknown whether the implementation of a protocol that guides enteral nutrition (EN) support is effective in improving the outcomes of critically ill patients. Furthermore, it is unknown whether a nurse‐driven protocol is more or less effective than a protocol not managed by nurses.
With the rapid development of micromachining technology, the feature size of object parts becomes smaller whilst the required tolerance accuracy becomes higher. The geometry of these micro‐parts must be critically verified at sub‐micrometer or even nanometer accuracy in three dimensions to guarantee machining quality, such as the cylindrical parts. Therefore, the method for estimating roundness error...
With environmental concerns, the development of a posterior restorative as a true alternative to dental amalgam is needed. Hence in this regard, the development of dental composites have gained more and more research interest, as they have the advantages of better aesthetic look, better physical, mechanical and tribological properties over the other available dental materials. In this study, the physical,...
Dauerlastversuche sind im Zuge der Produktqualifizierung von Verbunddübeln erforderlich. Ziel dieser Dauerlastversuche ist die Beurteilung des Kriechverhaltens des Befestigungselements unter konstanter Zugbelastung. Auf Basis der Versuche wird eine Extrapolation des Verschiebungsverhaltens über die angenommene Lebensdauer des Befestigungselements vorgenommen. Drei verschiedene Messgrößen sind dabei...
The objective of this article is to analyze the reasoning underpinning the Supreme Court's rejection of the efficiency gap in Gill v. Whitford as a useful measure of partisan fairness in redistricting.
I undertake this analysis by reviewing prior judicial commentary on measures of partisan fairness and debates among political science professionals concerning how and whether to...
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.