Coccidioides spp. are dimorphic fungi endemic to parts of the United States, Mexico, Central and South America. Infection can cause a range of disease from self‐limited acute pneumonia to severe disseminated disease.
We performed a retrospective chart review of medical records of cases of culture‐proven acute coccidioidomycosis at the University of California San Diego between...
The Israeli population, encompassing 9 million citizens, is comprised of diverse communities. The Ministry of Health genetic screening program for reproductive purposes was introduced in 2013. This program is mainly aimed at severe incurable diseases with high rates of infant and childhood morbidity and/or mortality, with a carrier frequency of at least 1:60 and/or a disease frequency...
Fungal diseases have an ever‐increasing global disease burden, although regional estimates for specific fungal diseases are often unavailable or dispersed.
Here, we report the current annual burden of life‐threatening and debilitating fungal diseases in the Netherlands.
The most recent available epidemiological data, reported incidence and prevalence of fungal diseases...
Detailed epidemiological studies on occupational skin diseases (OSDs) are scarce.
To analyze risk occupations for OSDs in the Finnish Register of Occupational Diseases (FROD).
We retrieved numbers of OSD cases (excluding skin infections) for different occupations from the FROD in 2005‐2016. In the FROD, Finnish ISCO‐08–based classification of occupations was used...
Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV), an ongoing emergence enveloped virus with a single‐stranded positive‐sense RNA genome, belongs to the Gammacoronavirus genus in the Coronaviridae family. IBV‐associated tracheitis, nephritis, salpingitis, proventriculitis and egg drop have caused devastating economic losses to poultry industry worldwide. Since the end of 2018, a remarkably increasing number of commercial...
The prevalence of shift work disorder (SWD) has been studied using self‐reported data and the International Classification of Sleep Disorders, Second Edition (ICSD‐2) criteria. We examined the prevalence in relation to ICSD‐2 and ICSD‐3 criteria, work schedules and the number of non‐day shifts (work outside 06:00–18:00 hours) using objective working‐hours data. Secondly, we explored a minimum cut‐off...
The introduction and spread of porcine epidemic diarrhoea virus (PEDV) in North America resulted in significant death loss in the swine industry. As the industry learned how to manage this disease, many new risks were identified, including the potential for feed and feed ingredients to become contaminated and spread PEDV. In addition, biosecurity practices were reevaluated and strengthened throughout...
When assessing the role of live animal trade networks in the spread of infectious diseases in livestock, attention has focused mainly on direct movements of animals between premises, whereas the role of haulage vehicles used during transport, an indirect route for disease transmission, has largely been ignored. Here, we have assessed the impact of sharing haulage vehicles from livestock transport...
Background and Objective
Use of self‐reported questionnaires in Dentistry may be useful to estimate the prevalence of periodontitis in epidemiological studies. This study aims to assess the accuracy of self‐reporting for predicting the prevalence of periodontitis in a Spanish population participating in a diabetes incidence study.
Materials and Methods
Data were collected from 231 patients participating...
Event‐level alcohol research can inform prevention efforts by determining whether drinking contexts—such as people or places—are associated with harmful outcomes. This review synthesises evidence on associations between characteristics of adults' drinking occasions and acute alcohol‐related harm.
We systematically searched Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid PsycInfo and the Web of Science Social...
Primary liver cancer, the major histology of which is hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), is the second leading cause of cancer death worldwide. We comprehensively examined recent international trends of primary liver cancer and HCC incidence using population‐based cancer registry data. Incidence for all primary liver cancer and for HCC by calendar time and birth cohort was examined for selected countries...
Out‐of‐hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is an important public health problem. The French organization, combining OHCA basic life support (BLS) and advanced life support (ALS), has been recently questioned. The study was conducted to evaluate the association between early ALS (E‐ALS) arrival and good neurological outcome at 1 month in nontraumatic OHCA patients.
Materials and methods
Background and Objectives
It is unclear whether the prognostic significance of the 8th American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) tumor, node, metastasis (TNM) staging system for non–small‐cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is applicable to lung cancer as a second primary malignancy (LCSPM). This study used a population‐based database to evaluate this relationship.
Patients diagnosed with second primary...
To define the current incidence, epidemiology, and mortality of older adult patients hospitalized with community‐acquired pneumonia (CAP) in Louisville, KY and thus estimate the burden of CAP in the older adult population of the United States. To define risk factors associated with early and late outcomes.
This was a secondary analysis of older adults (aged ≥65 years) from the...
To investigate potential mechanisms underlying the well‐established relationship of diabetes and obesity with cognitive decline, among older adults participating in a population‐based study.
Ten‐year population‐based cohort study.
A total of 478 individuals aged 65 years and older.
We assayed fasting blood for markers of glycemia...
To evaluate the clinical and economic burden of dry eye disease (DED) among affected patients in Germany.
Adult patients (≥18 years) with ≥1 confirmed diagnosis of DED during the study period (2008–2015) were identified from the medical claims of ~3.6 million insured patients from Betriebskrankenkassen, a German statutory health insurance database. Prevalence (per 1000 patients)...
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