Finland is a high‐risk multiple sclerosis (MS) region, but a national MS register has not existed until 2014. In this paper, we present the Finnish MS register variables and data collected by 31 December 2018.
Materials and Methods
Numbers and data counts of MS patients in the register (ICD‐10 code G35) are presented. The disease types and proportion of patients receiving disease‐modifying...
Background and Aim
Incidental pancreatic cystic lesions (PCLs) are being diagnosed more frequently. However, little is known about the prevalence of PCLs in the Chinese population. The aim of the study was to assess the crude prevalence of PCLs in individuals who underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Data from consecutive patients who underwent MRI without pancreatic indications were...
The current study is a health facility‐based cross‐sectional study that aims to measure the prevalence of psychological distress and to determine its associated factors among primary healthcare (PHC) service users in Mansoura district, Egypt. The study included service users aged ≥18 years. A predesigned structured interviewer‐administered questionnaire was used to collect data from participants during...
The 35‐year‐long San Diego Prospective Study documented 2‐fold increases in alcohol problems and alcohol use disorders (AUDs) in young‐adult drinking offspring compared to rates in their fathers, the original probands. The current analyses use the same interviews and questionnaires at about the same age in members of the 2 generations to explore multiple potential contributors to the generational...
We aimed at describing clinical findings in children with dyskinetic as compared to bilateral spastic cerebral palsy (CP).
Data were extracted from the Danish nationwide CP register. Participants were born in 1999–2007 and were 5–6 years at ascertainment.
The total number of CP cases was 1165 of which 92 had dyskinetic and 540 bilateral spastic CP. Prevalence of dyskinetic...
The prevalence of sleep apnoea (SA) in chronic kidney disease (CKD) varies greatly across preceding studies. The aim of our study was to provide a summary of the prevalence of SA among non‐dialysis CKD patients.
Medline, Embase, Web of Science, China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database, VIP Chinese scientific journal database (VIP) and Wanfang Digital Periodical Full‐text database...
Breast cancer (BC) in men is a rare and neglected disease representing <1% of all cancers in men and only 1% of all incident BC in western countries.
This study aimed to describe trends in the prevalence of patients hospitalised for male BC in France from 2009 to 2013, using the national administrative database (PMSI).
We included all men aged ≥18 admitted to hospital...
No evidence exists in the literature concerning the prevalence of insomnia and its associated risk factors among prison inmates in Taiwan. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence and factors associated with insomnia among inmates in a large prison in Taiwan. A cross‐sectional anonymous questionnaire survey was conducted at a prison. The participants were 1490 male inmates. Participants...
Thalassemias and hemoglobinopathies are the most prevalent inherited anemias detected in South East Asians. These disorders represent not only a clinical health problem but also a socioeconomic problem for this region. Regarding the prevention and control of thalassemias and hemoglobinopathies in the Lao PDR, screening and diagnostic strategies should be strongly considered. The knowledge...
Nationwide prospective studies of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) during and after pregnancy have never been conducted in mainland China. A prospective longitudinal study was performed to evaluate the association of pregnancy and delivery on LUTS in a representative sample of primiparous Chinese women.
A national survey on urinary incontinence (UI) was conducted in 10,098...
Aims and objectives
To investigate the prevalence of depression in the third trimester of pregnancy and identify the related demographic risk factors.
Antenatal depression as a disabling and treatable disease has a wide‐ranging impact on perinatal women and has received extensive attention from researchers.
A cross‐sectional survey was conducted at three public hospitals.
Workplace bullying is a taboo event which occurs worldwide, although the prevalence varies significantly between and within countries. Nurses have been regarded an occupational risk group for bullying at the work place. Bullying in health and social care contexts is sometimes reported as frequent and, other times, as not occurring, which sparked our interest in mapping the occurrence of bullying in...
Cobalt contact allergy is common, but clinical relevance is often difficult to determine.
To examine the aetiology, prevalence and clinical characteristics of cobalt‐allergic patients who were patch tested between 2002 and 2017 at the Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Herlev‐Gentofte Hospital.
Patch test data, along with patient characteristics and causative...
The emerging porcine circovirus type 3 (PCV3) has been reported in Chinese swine herds since 2017. We performed a nationwide investigation on the prevalence of PCV3 in pig breeding farms and slaughterhouses in China. A total of 4,040 tonsil samples were collected from 89 farms in 25 provinces, and 1,419 lymph node samples were collected from 50 slaughterhouses in 27 provinces. The PCR results showed...
Bovine coronavirus (BCoV) is the causative agent of diarrhoea in newborn calves, winter dysentery in adult cattle and respiratory tract illnesses in cattle across the world. In this study, a total of 190 faecal samples from dairy calves with diarrhoea were collected from 14 farms in six Chinese provinces, and BCoV was detected in 18.95% (36/190) of the samples by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain...
In 2018, Croatia reported the largest outbreak of West Nile virus (WNV) infections as well as the re‐occurrence of human Usutu virus (USUV) infections. For the first time, fatal WNV and USUV infections were detected in wild birds. We analysed epidemiological characteristics and molecular epidemiology of WNV and USUV infections detected during 2018 transmission season. From April to November, 178 patients...
Background and Aims
The prevalence of alcohol‐related conditions is often reported as higher in hospital in‐patients compared with the general population. However, formal prevalence estimates are commonly derived from small studies which report highly varied results. This systematic review and meta‐analysis, within the UK hospital system, aimed to estimate the pooled prevalence of the 26 ICD‐10 conditions...
To conduct a systematic review of the literature to evaluate the methodological aspects of population‐based studies on the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions (OMLs).
Two reviewers independently conducted a literature search in three databases (PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus) and extracted data using a standardized form. Data on the following characteristics of the included...
The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hearing loss (HL) among noise‐exposed US workers within the Mining, and Oil and Gas Extraction (OGE) sectors.
Audiograms of 1.9 million workers across all industries (including 9389 in Mining and 1076 in OGE) from 2006 to 2015 were examined. Prevalence and adjusted risk as compared to a reference industry (Couriers and...
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