Thousands of mini computers (comparable to a stick of chewing gum in size), equipped with sensors,are deployed in some terrain or other. After activation thesensorsformaself-organizednetworkandprovidedata,forexampleabout a forthcoming earthquake. The trend towards wireless communication increasingly a?ects electronic devices in almost every sphere of life. Conventional wireless networks rely on infrastructure such as base stations; mobile devices interact with these base stations in a client/server fashion. In contrast, current research is focusing on networks that are completely unstructured, but are nevertheless able to communicate (via several hops) with each other, despite the low coverage of their antennas. Such systems are called sensor orad hoc networks, depending on the point of view and the application. Wireless ad hoc and sensor networks have gained an incredible research momentum.Computerscientistsandengineersofall?avorsareembracingthe area. Sensor networks have been adopted by researchers in many ?elds: from hardware technology to operating systems, from antenna design to databases, from information theory to networking, from graph theory to computational geometry.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
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