Dyslipidaemia plays a key role in the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Therefore, the identification and treatment of dyslipidaemia is important for both primary and secondary CVD prevention, and forms the basis of this article.
Surgery for urinary tract stones has a long history – from the days of highly risky open surgery to the minimally invasive techniques used today. The author traces the events that have marked the journey.
Although SARS‐CoV‐2 was relatively easy to design a vaccine against, the speed at which COVID‐19 vaccines have been developed and deployed was surprising. Nevertheless some canny planning along with decades of investment in biomedical research and health informatics, as well as eventually learning from previous disease outbreaks, all helped in the endeavour.
In 1994, Helicobacter pylori infection was recognised as the primary driver of gastric carcinogenesis. Infection also has a wider impact as the causative agent in gastric MALT (mucosa‐associated lymphoid tissue) lymphoma, among other pathologies. In the first of two parts, the authors discuss the natural history and sequelae of H. pylori infection alongside identification in the clinical setting....
Quality of life is a prime focus in prostate cancer treatment now survival rates have improved significantly. Sexual dysfunction is a common side‐effect of treatment that needs support and guidance to help men and their partners.
Medical conferences evolved into virtual meetings in response to the COVID‐19 pandemic. While the virtual format has advantages, many prospective attendees look forward to a time when some face‐to‐face interaction will be possible again. The question is how to make such hybrid events successful.
The use of a mesh is standard practice in the surgical repair of groin hernias. No one type of mesh or surgical technique appears to be superior to another. Here the authors discuss the evolution of groin hernia repair, the different types of mesh, as well as the investigation and management of complications that can occur, albeit in a minority of patients.
Young men can be a challenging group and may resist engagement with health care. It is important that then when they do attend their problem is managed appropriately. This paper gives a background to five common adolescent problems, including tips on how to manage them.
Abdominal aortic aneurysm causes significant mortality and morbidity, particularly in older men. Primary prevention and early detection via screening with ultrasound are important interventions to reduce the high mortality rates.
Helicobacter pylori is an important pathogen to detect and eradicate, particularly as it is a known carcinogen. With rising antibiotic resistance control has become challenging. Here the authors propose a new algorithm for primary care and discuss managing treatment failure.
In the first two articles in this series on the history of the prostate, we saw initially the recognition of the gland's existence and then the realisation that it caused lower urinary tract symptoms. In this article the author covers the progression of open surgery on the prostate.
Clostridia are found in the environment and some are part of the normal flora of the human gut. Some of these organisms cause disease in humans, including Clostridium botulinum, which produces the most toxic substance known.
Azoospermia is the absence of sperm in the ejaculate; men with the condition require testicular sperm extraction and assisted reproductive technology (ART) to father children. This review focuses on the surgical management of azoospermia.
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