Weed resistance to foliar herbicides has dramatically increased worldwide in the last two decades. As a consequence, current practices of weed management have changed, with an increased adoption of soil‐applied herbicides to restore control of herbicide‐resistant weeds. We foresee metabolism‐based resistance and cross‐resistance to soil‐applied herbicides as a potential global consequence to the increased and widespread adoption of new and old soil‐applied herbicides. Thus, the aim of this study is to use computer simulation modelling to quantify and rank the risk of weeds evolving resistance to soil‐applied herbicides under different usage strategies (single herbicide use, rotations and mixtures) and population genetic hypotheses.
Simulations indicate that without rotation it takes twice as long to select for resistance to a particular soil‐applied herbicide – trifluralin – than to any other herbicide option considered. Relative to trifluralin‐only use, simple herbicide rotation patterns have no effect in delaying resistance, whereas more complex rotation patterns can delay resistance two‐ or three‐fold. Herbicide mixtures further delay resistance up to six‐fold in comparison to single use or simple herbicide rotations.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.