Diabetes distress and depression have been shown to be prevalent among adolescents with type 1 diabetes and screening for these parameters should be a routine part of diabetes care. To assess the prevalence of diabetes distress and depression and their association with glycemic control in a sample of adolescents with type 1 diabetes attending a diabetes center in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. All adolescents aged 13 to 18 years with type 1 diabetes that were seeking treatment at the Dubai Diabetes Center from the period of September 1, 2018 to May 1, 2019. A total of 72 participants completed the study.
Research Design and Methods
Adolescents were asked to fill in questionnaires assessing diabetes distress and depression. Multivariate linear regression analysis was used to assess the relationships between the subsets of socio‐demographic and clinical characteristics, and the scores of the questionnaires.
The mean HbA1c of the study sample was 9.61% [82 mmol/mol] with higher levels found in females as compared with males (p<0.05). Females showed significantly greater levels of distress as compared with males. Although adolescents with HbA1c≥7.5% scored higher for diabetes distress and depression, the difference was not statistically significant to those with an HbA1c of <7.5%. Higher levels of diabetes distress were highly correlated with depressive symptoms, with distress and depression both being significant predictors of one another.
Our results highlight the importance of implementing and sustaining psycho‐educational interventions to aid in alleviating diabetes distress and depression in this subgroup of the population.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.