To evaluate the ability of the PRESS sequence (TE = 97 ms, optimized for 2‐hydroxyglutarate detection) to detect cystathionine in gliomas and the effect of the omission of cystathionine on the quantification of the full neurochemical profile.
Twenty‐three subjects with a glioma were retrospectively included based on the availability of both MEGA‐PRESS and PRESS acquisitions at 3T, and the presence of the cystathionine signal in the edited MR spectrum. In eight subjects, the PRESS acquisition was performed also in normal tissue. Metabolite quantification was performed using LCModel and simulated basis sets. The LCModel analysis for the PRESS data was performed with and without cystathionine.
All subjects with glioma had detectable cystathionine levels >1 mM with Cramér‐Rao lower bounds (CRLB) <15%. The mean cystathionine concentrations were 3.49 ± 1.17 mM for MEGA‐PRESS and 2.20 ± 0.80 mM for PRESS data. Cystathionine concentrations showed a significant correlation between the two MRS methods (r = 0.58, p = .004), and it was not detectable in normal tissue. Using PRESS, 19 metabolites were quantified with CRLB <50% for more than half of the subjects. The metabolites that were significantly (p < .0028) and mostly affected by the omission of cystathionine were aspartate, betaine, citrate, γ‐aminobutyric acid (GABA), and serine.
Cystathionine was detectable by PRESS in all the selected gliomas, while it was not detectable in normal tissue. The omission from the spectral analysis of cystathionine led to severe biases in the quantification of other neurochemicals that may play key roles in cancer metabolism.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.