The ennoblement of stainless steel (e.g., the increase of open circuit potential [OCP]) is associated with bacterial colonization. This increases the risk of localized corrosion as the critical pitting/crevice potential can be overcome, especially for lower grade stainless steel. In this study, we assessed the influence of dissolved oxygen content (DOC) on the crevice corrosion of duplex and super duplex stainless steels. In addition, we used DNA amplicon sequencing to identify the bacteria most likely associated with the ennoblement. Above approximately 100 parts per billion (ppb) of dissolved oxygen, the ennoblement of OCP was observed leading to an increased risk of localized corrosion. Below approximately 100 ppb of dissolved oxygen, no ennoblement occurred and the risk of localized corrosion was reduced. We identified certain hydrocarbon‐degrading bacteria whose presence correlated with the ennoblement of super duplex stainless steel at saturated DOC. The role of these bacteria is not clear yet, but their distribution indicates a possible involvement in stainless steel ennoblement in seawater.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.